THE HISTORY OF CHESTER
Chester is a lovely city, and also a historic city. If you get to walk through the city, like we do with our work, you can accede to the fact that this amazing city, has the most complete city wall in all Britain. The city began almost two millennia ago, covering the history of the British from back then to this present day. The city was founded as a fort known as Deva Victrix, in the land of Celtic Cornovii, now known as: Cheshire; by the Roman Empire, in the year AD 79; and ever since then, the city has outlived many battles including that of the Welsh and Saxon throughout the post-Roman years.
Its name Deva comes from the River Deva on which this beautiful city stands, and its name Victrix is a title from the Legio XX Valeria Victrix who lived there at that time. The city began to grow into an important city for the Romans, throughout all Britain during their north military campaign, as more settlers migrated there, mostly, traders.
During the dark ages, Chester was under attack by the Viking raiders that sailed up the river in their long ships against it. However, after the conquest of Britain by the Normans and the Harrying of the North, in 1066, the Normans took Chester and destroyed 200 houses in the city. Later on, the first Earl of Chester was created by William I, under which Chester began to witness development. Things like Chester Castle, began construction under the first Earl.
Hugh d’Aranches was the first Earl of Chester, and after him where other Earls including Ranulf I, and his likes, who took more interest into huntsmen and hunting, than farming; hence, leading to the conversion of farm lands into hunting grounds. In remembrance, the Earls of Chester are preserved with their shields on the Suspension bridge of River Dee, and also on the Grosvenor Park lodge.
After a while, war broke out, it was the English Civil War. Chester was besieged for about two years and afterward conquered as its people surrendered due to starvation.
During the centuries that went by, Chester harbor slowly silted up, and was almost nonexistent when the Georgian times rolled in. However, you still get to see part of its original dock, near the Roodee Racecourse when you arrive at Chester.
At these time, Chester had already turned into a beautiful County in Cheshire. It’s lands was already occupied by beautiful houses and terraces, owned by the wealthy merchants of the city.
During the Victorian era, the elegant Gothic-style Town Hall found in Chester, was built; alongside the Eastgate tower which was erected in honor of Queen Victoria’s diamond Jubilee.
Now Chester stands out as a city that boast of many historic objects and sites, like: it’s famous red sandstone wall’s that offers an elevated view of the city on one side, and the distant Welsh mountain on the other; it’s black and white buildings; its Rows; it’s medieval two-tier buildings above street level, with covered walkways now offering lots of shopping galleries; amongst others.
When you get to Chester, checkout its city centre Cross, it is where you will always find the Town Crier blaring at 12 noon, from Tuesday-Saturday, from Easter to September.